Missouri Weekly Hay Summary - Week ending 09/07/2018

Thursday, September 6, 2018

As expected drought conditions once again showed some slight improvement 
this week. There is still 60 percent of the state officially in drought 
status with nearly 20 more still considered abnormally dry as it just takes 
a lot of precipitation to replenish following such an extended period of 
little to no moisture.  Weather conditions however have made a major U-turn 
as heavy rains and runoff have caused flash flooding in areas now and many 
are expecting several inches of rain over the next days as remnants of 
Tropical Storm Gordon pass over the state. Another twist in what was 
unexpected just a few short weeks ago is several producers mostly those 
in non-grain production areas have pulled hay equipment back out and trying 
to add to their meager hay plies. Farmers should take note there have been 
multiple reports of army worms now in southwest and south central parts of 
the state in some cases infestation has reached thresholds for spraying. Hay 
demand is good, supply is light and hay prices are steady. The Missouri 
Department of Agriculture has a hay directory available for both buyers 
and sellers. To be listed, or for a directory visit 
http://mda.mo.gov/abd/haydirectory/ for listings of hay 
http://agebb.missouri.edu/haylst/ (All prices f.o.b. and per ton unless 
specified and on most recent reported sales price listed as round bales 
based generally on 5x6 bales with weights of approximately 1200-1500 lbs).

Supreme quality Alfalfa (RFV <185) 180.00-250.00
small squares 7.00-9.00 per bale
Premium quality Alfalfa (RFV 170-180) 160.00-200.00
Good quality Alfalfa (RFV 150-170) 120.00-160.00 
small squares 5.00-7.00 per bale
Fair quality Alfalfa (RFV 130-150) 100.00-120.00 
 
Good quality Mixed Grass hay 100.00-200.00
Small squares 5.00-7.00 per bale (some alfalfa/grass mix)
Fair to Good quality Mixed Grass hay 80.00-150.00
small squares 4.00-5.50 per bale
Fair quality Mixed Grass hay 40.00-75.00 per large round bale 

Good quality Bromegrass 120.00-150.00
Fair to Good quality Bromegrass 60.00-100.00

Wheat straw 2.00-6.00 per small square bale



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Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)
Quality      ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%  **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100% 
& 90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
sale (usage).
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Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
          Quality           Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence hay price
or value more than testing results.
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Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
         leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.
 
Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.
 
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold.
=======================================================================


Source: MO Dept of Ag-USDA Market News Service, Jefferson City, MO
        Tony Hancock, Market Reporter, 573-751-5618
        24 Hour Recorded Report 1-573-522-9244
        www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/JC_GR310.txt